Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Characterisation of Polytetrafluoroethylene and Fiber Based Gaskets Under Creep and Thermal Ratcheting

[+] Author Affiliations
Rahul Palaniappan Kanthabhabha Jeya, Abdel-Hakim Bouzid

École de Technologie Supérieure, Montreal, QC, Canada

Paper No. PVP2017-65271, pp. V002T02A009; 8 pages
  • ASME 2017 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Volume 2: Computer Technology and Bolted Joints
  • Waikoloa, Hawaii, USA, July 16–20, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5793-9
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME


The objective of this research work is to typify PolyTetraFluoroEthylene (PTFE) and fiber based gaskets. Recurrent employment of Teflon based gaskets as asbestos gasket replacement in certain applications is due to their effective leak tightness and excellent chemical resistance. The research investigates the effect of cyclic and determinant temperature on the phenomenon of creep and thermal ratcheting under compressive load. The tests are performed at 4000 and 6000 psi compressive stress on virgin PTFE (vPTFE) and expanded PTFE (ePTFE) along with Inorganic Fiber Gaskets (IFG) at different temperatures. The Universal Gasket Rig (UGR) is utilized to perform the convoluted analysis of creep-thermal ratcheting coupling at different stress levels on selected gasket materials. The actual cumulative damage due to thermal ratcheting is separable into upper and lower bound regions indicating the highest and lowest of ratcheting temperature regions. The effect of thermal ratcheting tends to saturate after 12 and 15 cycles for expanded PTFE and fiber gaskets while no saturation is observed with virgin PTFE gaskets even after 20 thermal cycles. IFG and virgin PTFE gaskets exhibited similar percentage of thickness reduction under different applied stresses while expanded PTFE showed a maximum reduction under the least applied stress. The influences of temperature and load are manifested in the compressive creep property which in turn dictates the magnitude of cumulative damage due to thermal ratcheting. Lastly, the impact of creep and thermal ratcheting on the Coefficient of Thermal Expansion (CTE) is evident as the magnitude of CTE upsurges with the extent of induced damage.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME
Topics: Creep , Fibers , Gaskets



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In