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Numerical Study of One Dimensional Pipe Flow Under Pump Cavitation Surge

[+] Author Affiliations
Motohiko Nohmi, Byungjin An

EBARA Corporation, Fujisawa-shi, Jpan

Satoshi Yamazaki, Donghyuk Kang, Kazuhiko Yokota

Aoyama Gakuin University, Sagamihara, Japan

Shusaku Kagawa

EBARA Corporation, Futtsu-shi, Jpan

Paper No. FEDSM2017-69427, pp. V01AT05A023; 9 pages
  • ASME 2017 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting
  • Volume 1A, Symposia: Keynotes; Advances in Numerical Modeling for Turbomachinery Flow Optimization; Fluid Machinery; Industrial and Environmental Applications of Fluid Mechanics; Pumping Machinery
  • Waikoloa, Hawaii, USA, July 30–August 3, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5804-2
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME


Pump cavitation surge is highly coupled phenomenon with unsteady cavitation inside a pump and system dynamics of the pipe flow surrounding the pump. The piping system flow dynamics can be calculated under two kinds of assumptions; lumped parameter system (LPS) and distributed parameter system (DPS). In the lumped parameter system, the equations of motion of water columns inside pipes are calculated upstream and downstream of the pump. In the distributed parameter system, wave propagations along the pipes are calculated. In this study a simple system that consists of an upstream tank, an upstream pipe, a pump with cavitation, a downstream pipe and a downstream tank is analyzed by using two methods. Cavitation inside the pump is featured in the lumped parameters of cavitation compliance and mass flow gain factor. In the lumped parameter system case, equations of motion are calculated numerically by Runge-Kutta methods. In the distributed parameter system case, wave propagations are calculated by Method of Characteristics. From the comparison of two method results, appropriate criterion for practical piping system calculation is discussed.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME



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