Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Improvement of Cavitation Surge in a Double Suction Centrifugal Pump by Use of CFD

[+] Author Affiliations
Shusaku Kagawa, Naoki Matsushita


Paper No. FEDSM2017-69416, pp. V01AT05A022; 6 pages
  • ASME 2017 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting
  • Volume 1A, Symposia: Keynotes; Advances in Numerical Modeling for Turbomachinery Flow Optimization; Fluid Machinery; Industrial and Environmental Applications of Fluid Mechanics; Pumping Machinery
  • Waikoloa, Hawaii, USA, July 30–August 3, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5804-2
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME


This paper discussed about suppressions of cavitation surge in a double suction centrifugal pump. In order to suppress the cavitation surge, CFD simulation was carried out. Cavitation surge was observed near the best efficiency point, and it was difficulty to operate the pump stably. The specific speed of the tested pump was about 81 [m3/min, min−1, m] or 533 [ft., USGPM, min.−1]. In general, the main cause of the cavitation surge is inlet reverse flows at the impeller inlet. In order to prevent the inlet reverse flow, two kinds of modification at the impeller inlet were applied. One was the reduction of impeller inlet area by using a suction ring, and the other was the reduction of impeller inlet diameter. To reduce the computational time, in CFD model, a half of the double suction centrifugal pump was modeled. CFD simulations were carried out using ANSYS CFX with the Rayleigh Preset cavitation model. It was confirmed that the head fluctuation caused by the cavitation phenomena was predicted qualitatively by use of unsteady CFD simulation in the original pump impeller. The head fluctuation was about the 16% of the time averaged head and the very low frequency was confirmed by the FFT analysis. In addition, the relationship between head characteristics and cavitation behavior was observed clearly. The objective of the suction ring was to eliminate the head fluctuations caused by the cavitation. It was concluded that the suction ring was very effective to prevent the cavitation surge. On the other hand, the decrease of impeller inlet diameter was effective to reduce the head fluctuations, which became half of that for the original pump impeller. As a result, it was suggested that the complete suppression of the cavitation surge by the reduction of impeller inlet diameter was difficult in this case. It was concluded that unsteady CFD simulations with cavitation model is very effective for clarification of the impeller inlet modification on the cavitation surge.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In