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Experimental Investigation of Tip Cavitating Vortices in Axial-Flow Pump

[+] Author Affiliations
Desheng Zhang

Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, China

Paper No. FEDSM2017-69178, pp. V01AT05A012; 7 pages
  • ASME 2017 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting
  • Volume 1A, Symposia: Keynotes; Advances in Numerical Modeling for Turbomachinery Flow Optimization; Fluid Machinery; Industrial and Environmental Applications of Fluid Mechanics; Pumping Machinery
  • Waikoloa, Hawaii, USA, July 30–August 3, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5804-2
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME


The primary goal of this work focuses on the cavitating vortices in the tip region of an axial-flow pump with 3 and 4 blades mainly based on the high-speed imaging experiments, with special attention on the trajectory and dynamics of a large-scale cavitation structure. The hydraulic and cavitation performance between two impellers were compared, and it can be found that the model with 4 blades has a relative wide range of stable operating conditions as well as the better anti-cavitation ability. By the analysis of the cavitation curves, it confirms that the highly unsteady tip cavitation cloud near the blade trailing edge should be responsible for the severe degradation of the performance. According to the detailed study on the cavitation evolution in the two impellers, it is observed that the trajectory of tip cavitating vortices for different flow rates seems very similar determined by the operating conditions. However, the dynamics varies significantly, which is associated with the blade loading and flow passage width.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME
Topics: Pumps , Vortices , Axial flow



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