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CFD Analysis of the Effect of Rolling Motion on the Characteristic of Labyrinth Seal

[+] Author Affiliations
Ning Huang, Zhenlin Li, Shiyao Li, Ning Zhang, Zhihui Dong

China University of Petroleum, Beijing, China

Paper No. FEDSM2017-69181, pp. V01AT04A007; 5 pages
  • ASME 2017 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting
  • Volume 1A, Symposia: Keynotes; Advances in Numerical Modeling for Turbomachinery Flow Optimization; Fluid Machinery; Industrial and Environmental Applications of Fluid Mechanics; Pumping Machinery
  • Waikoloa, Hawaii, USA, July 30–August 3, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5804-2
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME


With the development of offshore oil and gas industry, LNG turbo expanders are widely used in Floating Liquid Natural Gas equipment (FLNG) for natural gas transportation. The performance characteristic of the turbo expander is significant affected by the rolling motion caused by the ocean conditions. As an important part of expander, the labyrinth seal is directly related to the safety of the expander, so it is necessary to study the performance characteristic of labyrinth seal under rolling motion.

In this paper, CFD is used to simulate the internal flow field of labyrinth seals under different rolling periods and sloshing amplitudes conditions. The distribution of the pressure drop is obtained, and the influence of rolling motion on different labyrinth seal radial clearances and cavity depths are discussed.

The results indicate that variation periods of the pressure drop are consistent with the rolling periods, and the larger the rolling amplitude is, the larger pressure drop fluctuation can be observed. Additionally, the fluctuation characteristic is significantly affected by gap widths and cavity depths.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME



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