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Reducing Crossflow Effects in Arrays of Impinging Jets

[+] Author Affiliations
Nicholas R. Arens, Mitchell P. Morem, Jeffrey Doom, Gregory J. Michna

South Dakota State University, Brookings, SD

Paper No. HT2017-4849, pp. V001T08A007; 8 pages
  • ASME 2017 Heat Transfer Summer Conference
  • Volume 1: Aerospace Heat Transfer; Computational Heat Transfer; Education; Environmental Heat Transfer; Fire and Combustion Systems; Gas Turbine Heat Transfer; Heat Transfer in Electronic Equipment; Heat Transfer in Energy Systems
  • Bellevue, Washington, USA, July 9–12, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5788-5
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME


With increasing heat fluxes in microelectronics, thermal management of these devices will soon no longer be attainable through current methods. One thermal management technology that could be integrated into the design of microelectronics is jet impingement cooling. Past research has primarily focused on evenly spaced, equal-sized, circular or slot jets perpendicular to the surface. A significant problem associated with this technology, especially as the surface to be cooled increases in size, is crossflow. This is the interaction of the transverse flow from the spent inner jet fluid with the jets closer to the outer edge of the surface. In an attempt to attenuate the crossflow effects, the heat transfer performance of jet arrays with non-uniform jet diameter and jet spacing were investigated. The testing apparatus housed a 3D-printed jet array nozzle that could be easily exchanged to accommodate many tests. The use of advanced manufacturing techniques allows for array geometries that may have previously been difficult to create. The impingement surface was a circular, polished, oxygen-free copper surface with a diameter of 25.4 mm. Heat transfer rates nearing 400 W could be delivered to the surface, for a heat flux of more than 75 W/cm2. The working fluid was single phase water, and the heat transfer rate was measured for each jet array over a range of flow rates. Experimental data was compared to simulation data obtained through CFD analysis. CFD modeling was used to predict the most promising geometries, which were then validated through experiment. Out of the nozzles tested, it was determined that the nozzle with larger diameters toward the edge of the surface attained the highest heat transfer rate of h = 38,822 W/m2-K. The nozzle with closer jet spacing at the outside of the array was found to have the highest experimental Nusselt number with NuD = 88.8. It was determined that angled confining walls do not have a definitive association with improved heat transfer. The simulation data was found to predict the heat transfer performance of the various geometries with an average percent difference in heat transfer coefficient of 11%.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME
Topics: Jets



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