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Thermal-Hydraulic Analysis of Fuel Assembly With Inner Duct Structure of an Advanced Loop-Type Sodium-Cooled Fast Reactor Using ASFRE Code

[+] Author Affiliations
Norihiro Kikuchi, Ryuji Yoshikawa, Norihiro Doda, Masaaki Tanaka, Hiroyuki Ohshima

Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Oarai, Japan

Yasutomo Imai

NDD, Mito, Japan

Paper No. ICONE25-67870, pp. V008T09A054; 12 pages
doi:10.1115/ICONE25-67870
From:
  • 2017 25th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering
  • Volume 8: Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) and Coupled Codes; Nuclear Education, Public Acceptance and Related Issues
  • Shanghai, China, July 2–6, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: Nuclear Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5786-1
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME

abstract

In the design study of an advanced loop-type sodium-cooled fast reactor in Japan Atomic Energy Agency, a specific fuel assembly (FA) named FAIDUS (Fuel Assembly with Inner DUct Structure) has been adopted as one of the measures to enhance safety of the reactor during the core disruptive accident. Thermal-hydraulics evaluations in FAIDUS under various operation conditions are required to confirm its design feasibility. In this study, thermal-hydraulics in FAIDUS are investigated by using a subchannel analysis code ASFRE, which is applicable to a wire-wrapped fuel pin bundle with a distributed resistance model and a simplified turbulence mixing model. At first, the distributed resistance model was validated by comparison of pressure drop coefficients with experimental data obtained in water experiments with simulated FAs under the condition of wide-range Reynolds number. And then, the turbulence mixing model was validated by comparison of temperature distribution in the pin bundle with experimental data obtained in sodium experiments with simulated FAs. After the applicability of ASFRE to FAs was confirmed through these validations, thermal-hydraulic analyses of a FA with 271 fuel pins without the inner duct and a FAIDUS with 255 fuel pins were conducted. The obtained results indicate that no significant asymmetric temperature distribution occurs in a FAIDUS as a FA without an inner duct. In addition, the temperature distribution of FAIDUS with 255 fuel pins under the low flow rate condition tended to be the same as that of a FA with 271 fuel pins due to the local flow acceleration and the flow redistribution caused by the buoyancy force.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME

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