0

Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Experiment and Numerical Analysis of Mixing Process of Two Component Gases in Vertical Fluid Layer

[+] Author Affiliations
Tetsuaki Takeda

University of Yamanashi, Kofu, Japan

Paper No. ICONE25-67750, pp. V006T08A111; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/ICONE25-67750
From:
  • 2017 25th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering
  • Volume 6: Thermal-Hydraulics
  • Shanghai, China, July 2–6, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: Nuclear Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5784-7
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME

abstract

A depressurization accident is the one of the design-basis accidents of a Very-High-Temperature Reactor (VHTR). When a depressurization accident occurs, air is expected to enter into the reactor pressure vessel from the breach and oxidize in-core graphite structures. Therefore, it is important to understand the mixing processes of different kinds of gases in the stable and unstable stratified fluid layers. In particular, it is also important to examine the influence of localized natural convection and molecular diffusion on the mixing process from a safety viewpoint. Therefore, in order to predict or analyze the air ingress phenomena during a depressurization accident, it is important to develop a method for the prevention of air ingress during an accident. We carried out experiments and numerical analysis using three-dimensional (3D) CFD code to obtain the mixing process of two-component gases and the flow characteristics of localized natural convection. This study also investigated a control method for the natural circulation of air through the injection of helium gas.

The numerical model consists of a storage tank and a reverse U-shaped vertical rectangular passage. They are separated by a horizontal partition plate. One sidewall of the high-temperature side vertical passage is heated and the other sidewall is cooled. The low-temperature vertical passage is cooled by ambient air. The storage tank is filled with heavy gas and the reverse U-shaped vertical passage is filled with a light gas. In the vertical passage of the high-temperature side, localized natural convection is generated by the temperature difference between the vertical walls. The results obtained from the experiments were quantitatively simulated using 3D numerical analysis. The two component gases were mixed via molecular diffusion and natural convection. After some time elapsed, natural circulation occurred through the reverse U-shaped vertical passage. These flow characteristics are the same as those of phenomena generated in the passage between a permanent reflector and a pressure vessel wall of the VHTR.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME

Figures

Tables

Interactive Graphics

Video

Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In