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Analysis of the Containment Thermal-Hydraulic Behavior of a Small Reactor During Loss of Coolant Accident

[+] Author Affiliations
Qian Lin, Weizhong Zhang

Shanghai Nuclear Engineering Research and Design Institute, Shanghai, China

Paper No. ICONE25-66318, pp. V006T08A026; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/ICONE25-66318
From:
  • 2017 25th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering
  • Volume 6: Thermal-Hydraulics
  • Shanghai, China, July 2–6, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: Nuclear Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5784-7
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME

abstract

The containment thermal hydraulics of a small reactor during loss of coolant accident (LOCA) is studied by a lumped parameter one-dimensional model and a three-dimensional model. The capability of a kind of heat exchanger type passive containment cooling system (PCCS) is analyzed by the one-dimensional model. The calculation results show that, the decay heat can be removed and the containment pressure can be decreased by the proposed PCCS.

The steam and non-condensable gas (the air) distribution in the containment is investigated, the mixing and stratification behaviors are analyzed for several different cases, in which the PCCS and condenser are located at higher, base or lower position. The sensitivity analysis of the PCCS elevation shows that, in despite of the different gas stratification, the containment pressures are nearly the same. Similar conclusions can be obtained by the one-dimensional model and three-dimensional model. The preliminary results may indicate that, the designed PCCS and condenser can be located at a lower part, which will be benefit for the economy of the small reactor or meet other requirements.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME

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