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The Effect of IRWST Simulation Method on the Analysis of Small Break LOCA Using RELAP5

[+] Author Affiliations
Caihong Xu, Guobao Shi, Kemei Cao, Xiaoyu Cai, Zhanfei Qi

Shanghai Nuclear Engineering Research & Design Institute, Shanghai, China

Paper No. ICONE25-66219, pp. V006T08A012; 7 pages
  • 2017 25th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering
  • Volume 6: Thermal-Hydraulics
  • Shanghai, China, July 2–6, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: Nuclear Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5784-7
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME


The In-containment Refueling Water Storage Tank (IRWST) provides low-pressure safety injection flow for passive CAP1400 Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) during Loss-Of-Coolant-Accident (LOCA) and subsequent Long Term Core Cooling (LTCC). The Passive Residual Heat Removal Heat Exchanger (PRHR HX) and the spargers of Automatic Depressurization System (ADS) stage 1∼3 are submerged in the IRWST. During small break LOCA, heat and mass are delivered through PRHR HX and ADS spargers to IRWST, and IRWST is heated up before its safety injection. However, numerical and experimental investigation has shown that IRWST is not perfect mixing, and thermal stratification exists. During ADS-4/IRWST initiation phase, the temperature of IRWST injection flow is of great importance, and is affected greatly by IRWST simulation method when modeling with system code like RELAP5. In this paper, two different IRWST simulation methods where one use multi channels in horizontal direction while the other use only one, are analyzed for CAP1400 SBLOCA with RE-LAP5, and their effects are compared. Finally, the better method which uses only one channel in horizontal direction is recommended.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME
Topics: Simulation



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