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The Measuring of Sodium Droplet Size Distribution and its Impact on the Consequence of Sodium Spray Fire

[+] Author Affiliations
Wang Guozhi, Du Haiou, Wang Rongdong, Shi Wentao, Piao Jun

China Institute of Atomic Energy, Beijing, China

Paper No. ICONE25-66176, pp. V005T05A006; 5 pages
  • 2017 25th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering
  • Volume 5: Advanced and Next Generation Reactors, Fusion Technology; Codes, Standards, Conformity Assessment, Licensing, and Regulatory Issues
  • Shanghai, China, July 2–6, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: Nuclear Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5783-0
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME


The sodium droplet size distribution has significant impact on the consequence of sodium spray fire. And it is fundamental input data for the validation and application of sodium spray fire code. The experiments were carried out in a closed vessel to measure the sodium droplet size distribution. Liquid sodium of 250 °C was sprayed downward into the vessel in the form of sodium droplets through a nozzle with a diameter of 2.4mm. The vessel was inerted by argon gas to prevent the sodium droplets from burning. A real time spray droplet sizing system based on ensemble diffraction technique was used to measure the size of the droplets. And the laser beam was passed through two glass windows on the wall of the vessel to reach the sodium droplets. The tests showed that the sizes of the sodium droplets ranged from 184μm to 1000μm at the nozzle pressure of 0.15MPa. And median diameter was 532μm. The sodium spray fire code named NACOM was used to evaluate the impact of particle size distribution on sodium fire. The measured sodium droplets size distribution and the Nukiyama-tanasama drop size distribution were divided into 11 groups to be used as input data for the NACOM code. A comparison showed that 23% of particles in Nukiyama-tanasama drop size distribution were over 1000μm, while the largest size of particles in the measured sodium droplets was 1000μm. The calculation by NACOM code showed that the trend and value of temperature and pressure in the vessel were similar, so to some extent Nukiyama-tanasama drop size distribution is a good approximation of the real sodium droplet size distribution. However, Nukiyama-tanasama drop size distribution may be unsuitable for application in sodium fire safety analysis, because the temperature and pressure calculated from which was lower than that of the real droplet size distribution.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME
Topics: Drops , Fire , Sprays , Sodium



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