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Experimental and Theoretical Quantification of Non-Equilibrium Phase Behaviour and Physical Properties of Foamy Oil Under Reservoir Conditions

[+] Author Affiliations
Yu Shi, Daoyong Yang

University of Regina, Regina, SK, Canada

Paper No. OMAE2017-62194, pp. V008T11A038; 15 pages
doi:10.1115/OMAE2017-62194
From:
  • ASME 2017 36th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering
  • Volume 8: Polar and Arctic Sciences and Technology; Petroleum Technology
  • Trondheim, Norway, June 25–30, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5776-2
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME

abstract

A novel and pragmatic technique has been proposed to quantify the non-equilibrium phase behaviour together with physical properties of foamy oil under reservoir conditions. Experimentally, constant-composition expansion (CCE) experiments at various constant pressure decline rates are conducted to examine the non-equilibrium phase behaviour of solvent-CO2-heavy oil systems. Theoretically, the amount of evolved gas is firstly formulated as a function of time, and then incorporated into the real gas equation to quantify the non-equilibrium phase behaviour of the aforementioned systems. Meanwhile, theoretical models have been developed to determine the time-dependent compressibility and density of foamy oil. Good agreements between the experimentally measured volume-pressure profiles and calculated ones have been achieved, while both amounts of evolved gas and entrained gas as well as compressibility and density of foamy oil were determined. The time-dependent effects of entrained gas on physical properties of oleic phase were quantitatively analyzed and evaluated. A larger pressure decline rate and a lower temperature are found to result in a lower pseudo-bubblepoint pressure and a higher expansion rate of the evolved gas volume in the solvent-CO2-heavy oil systems. Apparent critical supersaturation pressure increases with either an increase in pressure decline rate or a decrease in system temperature. Physical properties of the oleic phase under non-equilibrium conditions follow the same trends as those of conventionally undersaturated oil under equilibrium conditions when pressure is higher than the pseudo-bubblepoint pressure. However, there is an abrupt increase of compressibility and decrease of density associated with pseudo-bubblepoint pressure instead of bubblepoint pressure due to the initialization of gas bubble growth. The amount of dispersed gas in the oleic phase is found to impose a dominant impact on physical properties of the foamy oil. Compared with CCE experiment at constant volume expansion rate, a rebound pressure and its corresponding effects on physical properties cannot be observed in the CCE experiments at constant pressure decline rate.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME

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