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Local Design Pressures During Ship Ram Events Modeling the Occurrence and Intensity of High Pressure Zones

[+] Author Affiliations
Freeman Ralph

C-CORE’s Centre for Arctic Resource Development, St. John’s, NL, Canada

Ian Jordaan

Ian Jordaan and Associates, St. John’s, NL, Canada

Paper No. OMAE2017-62545, pp. V008T07A034; 12 pages
  • ASME 2017 36th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering
  • Volume 8: Polar and Arctic Sciences and Technology; Petroleum Technology
  • Trondheim, Norway, June 25–30, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5776-2
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME


During ship ice interaction events (i.e. rams with multi-year ice), the occurrence of local pressures vary in time and space. A link between local pressures and global forces is the sum of the local forces from n High Pressure Zones (HPZs) across the interaction face equals the total force transmitted into the structure.

In this paper, a model for HPZ density, and force during ship ram events is presented. The occurrence and intensity of HPZs on panel areas were simulated using a Poisson process and an exponential distribution for HPZ force. The model is extended to consider HPZ occurrence in time through a ramming event, modeling HPZ rate. Such a model allows the designer to determine baseline ‘parent’ local pressure design parameters based on vessel size and expected operational speed. The faster a ship operates through an ice regime, the greater the HPZ rate. Larger and faster ships will penetrate further, having longer interaction durations and hence a greater number of HPZs forming (unless, for example, the ship passes through a ridge). Rates too will vary along the vessel being greater on the bow and least from mid-body to stern. For design, we are interested in the maximum local pressure on a single panel area through the ram duration.

The results are compared with previous local pressure models for design.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME



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