Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Model Ice: A Review of its Capacity and Identification of Knowledge Gaps

[+] Author Affiliations
Rüdiger U. Franz von Bock und Polach

Hamburg University of Technology, Hamburg, Germany

David Molyneux

Memorial University, St. John’s, NL, Canada

Paper No. OMAE2017-61808, pp. V008T07A017; 10 pages
  • ASME 2017 36th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering
  • Volume 8: Polar and Arctic Sciences and Technology; Petroleum Technology
  • Trondheim, Norway, June 25–30, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5776-2
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME


This paper presents a review of the state of the art of model-scale ice with a focus on mechanical behavior, mechanical testing and scaling. The goal of the model-scale ice production is the generation of a material that can represent sea ice in as many aspects as possible. The question therefore is, to what extent model-scale ice complies with this high level requirement and what possible limitations of model-scale ice are encountered. A part of the answer lies in the history of model-scale testing in ice as model ice was originally designed to test ships in ice. The interaction of ships with ice, when breaking level ice, differs from other interaction scenarios in terms of triggered failure processes and consequently in the relevant mechanical properties of the ice. The significance of the forces in particular interaction scenarios is reflected in the applied scaling laws. The standard scaling laws are presented together with published alternatives and their limitation and practicality is evaluated. The relevant interaction forces and ice properties are compiled for level ice breaking, ships in brash ice and offshore structures in slow ice drift. In the production of model-scale ice, the mechanical properties and their measurements play a significant role, as they determine how well the full-scale scenario is scaled. However, latest research in context with earlier published findings indicates that state of the art measurement procedures may not be able to capture the actual ice properties, as the mechanical behavior of model-scale ice might be different than generally presumed. Consequently, this paper presents alternative measurement procedures and highlights existing knowledge gaps which are worthwhile to be addressed in future.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME
Topics: Ice



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In