Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Improved Dynamic Structural Modelling for Subsea Power Cables With Bitumen Coated Armour Wires

[+] Author Affiliations
Hugh Martindale, Steven Rossiter, Richard Langdon

AgileTek Engineering Limited, London, UK

Terence Sheldrake

Tekmar Energy Limited, Newton Aycliffe, UK

Paper No. OMAE2017-61848, pp. V05AT04A024; 8 pages
  • ASME 2017 36th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering
  • Volume 5A: Pipelines, Risers, and Subsea Systems
  • Trondheim, Norway, June 25–30, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5769-4
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME


This paper presents improved dynamic modelling of subsea power cables using new models for the determination of non-linear cable mechanical properties. The modelling has been developed for cables typically used in offshore wind and for interconnectors, as well as dynamic power umbilicals. The results provide a better simulation of the dynamic response and allow better integration of local and global modelling for determination of stress and fatigue in offshore power cables.

Cable response due to bending is modelled by including non-linear adhesion induced stresses due to a yielding bond between armour wire and neighbouring layers, which captures the effects of temperature and strain rate and provides better representation than purely friction-based modelling especially at low tension. Local armour bending stiffness is included by using average wire strain energy after slip along the strained helical path to determine the armour layer bending stiffness contribution. Mathematical modelling for mechanical properties is verified by sample testing and FEA, to provide a robust method for predicting cable response.

Although dynamic subsea power cables are essentially non-bonded structures there is a certain amount of adhesion within the structure. Previous work has focused on friction-tension based modelling of armour wire-core interaction, that is not appropriate as critical slip curvatures at low tension are understated and full-slip stress distributions do not account for work done against friction during further bending. The principal result of this new approach is the improved determination of lifetime stresses for critical components within the cable structure. Non-linear bend stiffness modelling produces characteristic moment-curvature relations including hysteresis on reversal of bending. These curves provide an improved representation of the onset of slip in the armour wires and allow for the influence of temperature and strain rate on the cable bending stiffness to be included. The bend-stiffness model has been validated against test data both of complete bundles and individual components.

The overall result is a methodology that typically results in increased fatigue life and can reduce the requirement for ancillary products such as ballast/buoyancy and bend stiffeners/restrictors. Additionally, the non-linear, hysteretic response of a cable significantly reduces certain phenomena that are often associated with numerical modelling of cables using a linear bend stiffness. Specifically, a cable catenary attached to a vessel and modelled with a linear bend stiffness will often experience ‘compression waves’ when the vessel is moving in response to wave loading. Use of a non-linear, hysteretic bend stiffness minimises the compression wave phenomenon, giving a much more realistic response and often greatly improving operability windows for offshore operations.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In