Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

The Study of a New Concept of Flexible Pipe With Carbon Fiber/Epoxy Reinforced Inner Sheath

[+] Author Affiliations
Chongyao Zhou

DMAR Offshore Engineering Inc., Qingdao, China

Zhiming Huang, Dagang Zhang

DMAR Offshore Engineering Inc., Houston, TX

Yongtian Kang

National Engineering Laboratory for Subsea Equipment Testing and Detection Technology, Qingdao, China

Naiquan Ye

SINTEF Ocean, Trondheim, Norway

Svein Sævik

NTNU, Trondheim, Norway

Paper No. OMAE2017-61069, pp. V05AT04A001; 9 pages
  • ASME 2017 36th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering
  • Volume 5A: Pipelines, Risers, and Subsea Systems
  • Trondheim, Norway, June 25–30, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5769-4
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME


Flexible pipe has been widely used in offshore industry for many years. The traditional composite structure of flexible pipe consists of many layers, including multiple metallic layers, such as tensile armor, pressure armor and carcass, as well as nonmetallic layers, such as sheath and liner. Typical flexible pipe is heavy and requires complex manufacturing process, especially pressure armor and carcass manufacturing. Therefore, there is a desire to find a replacement to pressure armor and carcass. With the recent development of a new composite material with lighter weight and higher strength, it now becomes possible. This new composite material is called epoxy compounded carbon fiber (EP/CF). Carbon fiber is 10 times stronger than steel, while it is only 1/5 of the steel weight. Epoxy protects carbon fiber from environmental conditions such as high temperature and corrosion, also bond carbon fiber together and help to redistribute the loading between carbon fibers.

This paper is to present a new concept of flexible pipe by applying the EP/CF material to flexible design. In this new flexible concept, EP/CF is used to strengthen the inner sheath by surface activation treatment of sheath material. This provides excellent hoop strength to resist the inner pressure, hence provides a good replacement to the pressure armor and carcass.

A new FEA analysis method with ABAQUS is also presented in this paper. In the analysis approach, all helix fibers are modelled using predefined beam element, and EP/CF reinforced inner sheath is modeled using laminated composite shell. Nonlinear FEA analysis is carried out in ABAQUS to investigate the tension and bending behavior of flexible pipe with reinforced inner sheath, including the performance of inner pressure resistance, which is one of the key performances. Analysis is also carried out to study the benefit of using EP/CF on outer sheath reinforcement for collision protection. Lastly, the economics and feasibility of this concept are discussed, and conclusions are drawn.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In