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Extreme Wave Impacts on Monopiles: Re-Analysis of Experimental Data by a Coupled CFD Solver

[+] Author Affiliations
Amin Ghadirian, Henrik Bredmose, Signe Schløer

Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark

Martin Dixen

DHI Denmark, Hørsholm, Denmark

Paper No. OMAE2017-61727, pp. V001T01A050; 10 pages
  • ASME 2017 36th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering
  • Volume 1: Offshore Technology
  • Trondheim, Norway, June 25–30, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5763-2
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME


Two different numerical models, OceanWave3D and a coupled solver, OceanWave3D-OpenFOAM (Waves2Foam), are used to reproduce extreme events in one sea state. The events are chosen as, the measured event that generates the largest peak moment (exceedance probability of 0.05%) and one event with a slightly smaller peak moment (exceedance probability of 0.3%). Time series of free surface elevation, depth integrated forces, bending moment at the sea bed and pressure time series at 5 different heights on the cylinder are compared for two events between the measurements and the numerical models. The numerical pressure field on the monopile at impact is analyzed and stagnation pressures at the back side of the cylinder, in addition to the main impact pressure at the front side are observed. There is a good agreement between the OceanWave3D results and the measurements in the reproduction of the first selected event. However, for the larger selected event, OceanWave3D results in the peaks of time series are smaller than the measurements. This illustrates the sensitivity of the strong impact loads to the state of wave breaking. For small values of the inline force, the OpeanFOAM results provided good agreement with the measurements. The secondary load cycles are observed in the measured force and bending moment time series and the reproduced times series using OpenFOAM.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME



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