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Numerical Modeling Using CFD and Potential Wave Theory for Three-Hour Nonlinear Irregular Wave Simulations

[+] Author Affiliations
Aldric Baquet, Jang Kim

TechnipFMC, Houston, TX

Zhenjia (Jerry) Huang

ExxonMobil Upstream Research Company, Spring, TX

Paper No. OMAE2017-61090, pp. V001T01A002; 14 pages
  • ASME 2017 36th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering
  • Volume 1: Offshore Technology
  • Trondheim, Norway, June 25–30, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5763-2
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME


In this paper, we focus on the modeling of a fully-nonlinear, steep, irregular wave field of three-hour duration without structures in it. The fully-nonlinear effects are considered in the wave simulations using computational fluid dynamics (CFD), as well as potential theory. The overall approach for the numerical modeling is described in the paper. The Euler Overlay Method (EOM) is used to incorporate incoming waves, nonlinear effects, and CFD simulations in the numerical modeling. For computational efficiency, we also use potential theory to model the fully-nonlinear waves. Numerical damping was applied locally around the breaking region to enable simulations for large breaking waves. To compensate for energy loss in the numerical simulations, energy compensation factors of wave spectral frequency components are applied to the input wave spectrum. Results of convergence study, validation against high-order Stokes waves and fully-nonlinear irregular wave with prescribed target spectrum, as well as comparison between numerical wave crest distributions and those from multiple realizations of wave calibration tests are presented.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME



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