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Effect of Mixture R600a/R601a on Performance of Radial Turbine for Low Temperature Waste Heat

[+] Author Affiliations
Zemin Bo, Zhenkun Sang, Xiaojing Lv, Yiwu Weng

Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China

Paper No. POWER-ICOPE2017-3323, pp. V002T08A011; 7 pages
  • ASME 2017 Power Conference Joint With ICOPE-17 collocated with the ASME 2017 11th International Conference on Energy Sustainability, the ASME 2017 15th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, and the ASME 2017 Nuclear Forum
  • Volume 2: I&C, Digital Controls, and Influence of Human Factors; Plant Construction Issues and Supply Chain Management; Plant Operations, Maintenance, Aging Management, Reliability and Performance; Renewable Energy Systems: Solar, Wind, Hydro and Geothermal; Risk Management, Safety and Cyber Security; Steam Turbine-Generators, Electric Generators, Transformers, Switchgear, and Electric BOP and Auxiliaries; Student Competition; Thermal Hydraulics and Computational Fluid Dynamics
  • Charlotte, North Carolina, USA, June 26–30, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: Power Division, Advanced Energy Systems Division, Solar Energy Division, Nuclear Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5761-8
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME


A 150kW organic working fluid radial turbine designed for the low temperature waste heat with temperature of 150 ∼ 200°C using R600a as working fluid was selected. Under the condition of same inlet temperature and rotational speed, the mixture R600a(iso-butane) / R601a(iso-pentane) with different compositions was adopted for the CFD numerical simulation to obtain the aerodynamic performance and the detailed flow of the organic working fluid radial turbine. The results show that the mixture R600a / R601a can broaden the output power range and increase the efficiency of the radial turbine compared with the pure working fluid. The output power of the organic working fluid radial turbine increases from 54.03kW to 129.6kW as the R600a composition increases from 0.1 to 0.9. The optimal composition of R600a / R601a was obtained for relatively higher efficiency of the organic working fluid radial turbine. The results can provide a reference for the selection of working fluid for radial turbine of the low temperature heat source.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME



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