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Influence of Feedwater TOC on Steam Cation Conductivity

[+] Author Affiliations
Xu Hong

Jiangsu Frontier Electric Technology Co., Ltd., Nanjing, China

Paper No. POWER-ICOPE2017-3023, pp. V002T08A001; 8 pages
  • ASME 2017 Power Conference Joint With ICOPE-17 collocated with the ASME 2017 11th International Conference on Energy Sustainability, the ASME 2017 15th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, and the ASME 2017 Nuclear Forum
  • Volume 2: I&C, Digital Controls, and Influence of Human Factors; Plant Construction Issues and Supply Chain Management; Plant Operations, Maintenance, Aging Management, Reliability and Performance; Renewable Energy Systems: Solar, Wind, Hydro and Geothermal; Risk Management, Safety and Cyber Security; Steam Turbine-Generators, Electric Generators, Transformers, Switchgear, and Electric BOP and Auxiliaries; Student Competition; Thermal Hydraulics and Computational Fluid Dynamics
  • Charlotte, North Carolina, USA, June 26–30, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: Power Division, Advanced Energy Systems Division, Solar Energy Division, Nuclear Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5761-8
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME


The cation conductivity in water-steam cycle has been significantly increased as external heating units presented on trends in large capacity and high parameters. Real test has been carried out to demonstrate the TOC concentration in feedwater has been increased as the external heating increases. The presence of organic acid would significantly reduce the pH of the condensate and result in general corrosion, pitting and environment assisted cracking. For the cogeneration thermal power stations in which make-up water were produced with traditional ion exchange system and Integrated Membrane Technology separately, the main factors affecting cation conductivity of steam are residues of the organics in raw water and dynamic variation about bacterial reproduction in reducing environment, respectively. If gel type anion resin had been replaced with macroporous strong base anion resin, the remaining TOC in traditional ion exchange system could be significantly reduced. And if non-oxidative bactericide had been dosed before or after Ultrahigh Purity Filter, bacteria could be effectively killed. For heat-supply units, the actual rates of makeup water, denote with “N%”, are always more than the design value. So it is very important in this scenario to revise the ceiling values of TOC for makeup water, which should be divided by N, to allow that ceiling value to match the actual rate of makeup water. For drum boilers and once-through boilers which superheated steam pressure are greater than 18.3 MPa, in order to guarantee the cation conductivity (25 °C) values of feed water less than the standard of 0.10 μ S/cm, TOC values in feed water should be under 50μ g/L.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME



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