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Experimental Investigation on the Influences of Bluff-Body’s Position on Diffusion Flame Structures

[+] Author Affiliations
Yiheng Tong, Mao Li, Jens Klingmann, Zhongshan Li

Lund University, Lund, Sweden

Shuang Chen

China Aerodynamics Research and Development Center, Mianyang, China

Paper No. POWER-ICOPE2017-3090, pp. V001T04A009; 11 pages
doi:10.1115/POWER-ICOPE2017-3090
From:
  • ASME 2017 Power Conference Joint With ICOPE-17 collocated with the ASME 2017 11th International Conference on Energy Sustainability, the ASME 2017 15th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, and the ASME 2017 Nuclear Forum
  • Volume 1: Boilers and Heat Recovery Steam Generator; Combustion Turbines; Energy Water Sustainability; Fuels, Combustion and Material Handling; Heat Exchangers, Condensers, Cooling Systems, and Balance-of-Plant
  • Charlotte, North Carolina, USA, June 26–30, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: Power Division, Advanced Energy Systems Division, Solar Energy Division, Nuclear Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5760-1
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME

abstract

Effects of the bluff-body’s position on diffusion flame structures and flame instability characteristics were investigated experimentally. A flame regime diagram together with the corresponding flow fields were proposed to evaluate the influences caused by the alternation of bluff-body’s position. The disk shape bluff-body was placed 10 mm downstream or at the same height with the annular channel exit. The bulk velocity of the annular air flow varied from 0 to 8.6m/s while the central jet fuel velocity ranged from 0 to 30m/s. Various flame patterns including the recirculation zone flame, the stable diffusion jet flame, split-flashing flame and lifted flame were observed and recorded with a high speed camera. It is found that the flame has approximately the same patterns with different bluff-body’s positions, except for cases with high air flow rate (Ua > 6.8m/s) and low fuel flow rate (Uj < 5m/s). Under that operating conditions, placing the disk bluff-body 10 mm above the annular channel could better stabilize the flame. High speed Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) was also used to get deeper insight into the characteristics of the flow fields and flame stabilization. The size and strength of the recirculation zone downstream of the bluff-body altered with the changing of bluff-body’s position and other operating conditions. The recirculation zone, in the burner with the bluff-body placed 10 mm above the air channel exit, was found larger and stronger than that in the other burner geometry. In the reacting case, a recirculation bubble was formed besides the bluff-body’s outer wall which enhanced the flame stabilization. It is also found that the combustion changed the flow fields by enlarging the recirculation bubbles downstream of the bluff-body.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME

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