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Parametric Study of Vertical Axis Wind Turbine Rotor Configurations Using CFD

[+] Author Affiliations
John Keithley Difuntorum, Louis Angelo M. Danao

University of the Philippines Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines

Paper No. ES2017-3441, pp. V001T13A001; 10 pages
  • ASME 2017 11th International Conference on Energy Sustainability collocated with the ASME 2017 Power Conference Joint With ICOPE-17, the ASME 2017 15th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, and the ASME 2017 Nuclear Forum
  • ASME 2017 11th International Conference on Energy Sustainability
  • Charlotte, North Carolina, USA, June 26–30, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: Advanced Energy Systems Division, Solar Energy Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5759-5
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME


Vertical axis wind turbines present several advantages over the horizontal axis machines that make them suitable to a variety of wind conditions. However due to the complexity of VAWT aerodynamics, available literature on VAWT performance in steady and turbulent wind conditions is limited. This paper aims to numerically predict the performance of a 5kW VAWT under steady wind conditions through computational fluid dynamics modeling by varying turbine configuration parameters. Two dimensional VAWT models using a cambered blade (1.5%) were created with open field boundary extents. Turbine configuration parameters studied include blade mounting position, blade fixing angle, and rotor solidity. Baseline case with peak Cp of 0.31 at tip speed ratio of 4 has the following parameters: mounting position at 0.5c, zero fixing angle, 3 blades (solidity = 0.3). Independent parametric studies were carried out and results show that a blade mounting position of 0.7c from the leading edge produces best performance with maximum Cp = 0.315 while worst case is a mounting position of 0.15c with peak Cp = 0.273. Fixing angle study reveals a toe-out setting of −1° producing the best performance with peak Cp of 0.315 and the worst setting at toe-in of 1.5° with peak Cp of 0.287. The solidity study resulted in a best case of 4 blades (solidity = 0.4) with peak Cp = 0.316 and worst case of 2 blades (solidity = 0.2) with peak Cp = 0.283.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME



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