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Partial Admission, Axial Impulse Type Turbine Design and Partial Admission Radial Turbine Test for SCO2 Cycle

[+] Author Affiliations
Hyungki Shin, Junhyun Cho, Young-Jin Baik, Jongjae Cho, Chulwoo Roh, Ho-Sang Ra

Korea Institute of Energy Research, Daejeon, Korea

Youngseok Kang, Jaesung Huh

Korea Aerospace Research Institute, Daejeon, Korea

Paper No. GT2017-64349, pp. V009T38A019; 5 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2017: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 9: Oil and Gas Applications; Supercritical CO2 Power Cycles; Wind Energy
  • Charlotte, North Carolina, USA, June 26–30, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5096-1
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME


Power generation cycle — typically Brayton cycle — to use CO2 at supercritical state as working fluid have been researched many years because this cycle increase thermal efficiency of cycle and decrease turbomachinery size. But small turbomachinery make it difficult to develop proto type Supercritical Carbon dioxide (S-CO2) cycle equipment of lab scale size. KIER (Korea Institute of Energy Research) have been researched S-CO2 cycle since 2013. This paper is about 60kWe scale and sub-kWe class turbo generator development for applying to this S-CO2 cycle at the lab scale. A design concept of this turbo-generator is to use commercially available components so as to reduce development time and increase reliability. Major problem of SCO2 turbine is small volume flow rate and huge axial force. High density S-CO2 was referred as advantage of S-CO2 cycle because it make small turbomachinery possible. But this advantage was not valid in lab-scale cycles under 100kW because small amount volume flow rate means high rotating speed and too small diameter of turbine to manufacture it. Also, high inlet and outlet pressure make huge axial force. To solve these problem, KIER have attempt various turbines. In this paper, these attempts and results are presented and discussed.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME



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