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Numerical Approach for Real Gas Simulations: Part I — Tabular Fluid Properties for Real Gas Analysis

[+] Author Affiliations
Francisco Moraga, Doug Hofer, Swati Saxena, Ramakrishna Mallina

GE Global Research Center, Niskayuna, NY

Paper No. GT2017-63148, pp. V009T38A004; 8 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2017: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 9: Oil and Gas Applications; Supercritical CO2 Power Cycles; Wind Energy
  • Charlotte, North Carolina, USA, June 26–30, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5096-1
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME


Recently there has been increased interest in the use of carbon dioxide (CO2) in closed loop power cycles. As these power cycles capitalize on the non-ideal gas behavior of CO2, their analysis both at the system level and at the detailed component level requires an advanced equation of state. Commonly used analytical equations of state as BWRS (BenedictWebbRubin equation of State) or Peng-Robinson are known to have high errors near the critical point and are thus unsuitable for the analysis of cycles or components where the flow conditions approach the critical point. An accurate equation of state is required at all phases of the development process from high level cycle calculations to the detailed component CFD. The NIST RefProp software package provides accurate CO2 fluid properties across the thermodynamic space but suffers from high computational over-head.

This study is presented in two parts. Part I (this part) of this paper describes an approach to creating a tabular representation of the equation of state that is applicable to any fluid. This approach is applied to generating an accurate, fast and robust tabular representation of the RefProp CO2 properties and an error analysis is performed to meet the accuracy requirements. The paper also discusses two approaches used to define speed of sound in the two-phase region and their sensitivity analysis on the 3D compressor flow. Part II of the paper details the numerical simulations of a supercritical CO2 centrifugal compressor using the tabular approach.

This paper shows that table resolution can be tailored to match the accuracy requirements while minimizing the time used to evaluate the tabulated thermo-physical functions. Error analysis are shown to demonstrate the level of accuracy possible with this approach.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME



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