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Heat Transfer Analysis of the Surface of Nonfilm-Cooled and Film-Cooled Nozzle Guide Vanes in Transonic Annular Cascade

[+] Author Affiliations
Kasem E. Ragab, Lamyaa El-Gabry

American University in Cairo, New Cairo, Egypt

Paper No. GT2017-64982, pp. V05BT22A017; 16 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2017-64982
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2017: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 5B: Heat Transfer
  • Charlotte, North Carolina, USA, June 26–30, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5088-6
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME

abstract

One of the approaches adopted to improve turbine efficiency and increase power to weight ratio is reducing vane count. In the current study, numerical analysis was performed for the heat transfer over the surface of nozzle guide vanes under the condition of reduced vane count using three dimensional computational fluid dynamics (CFD) models. The investigation has taken place in two stages: the baseline nonfilm-cooled nozzle guide vane, and the film-cooled nozzle guide vane. A finite volume based commercial code (ANSYS CFX 15) was used to build and analyze the CFD models. The investigated annular cascade has no heat transfer measurements available; hence in order to validate the CFD models against experimental data, two standalone studies were carried out on the NASA C3X vanes, one on the nonfilm-cooled C3X vane and the other on the film-cooled C3X vane. Different modelling parameters were investigated including turbulence models in order to obtain good agreement with the C3X experimental data, the same parameters were used afterwards to model the industrial nozzle guide vanes. Three Shear Stress Transport (SST) turbulence model variations were evaluated, the SST with Gamma-Theta transition model was found to yield the best agreement with the experimental results; model capabilities were demonstrated when the laminar to turbulent transition took place.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME

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