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High-Pressure Gas Turbine Vane Turbulent Flows and Heat Transfer Predicted by RANS/LES/DES

[+] Author Affiliations
Ping Dong, R. S. Amano

University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI

Paper No. GT2017-63032, pp. V05BT22A001; 15 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2017-63032
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2017: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 5B: Heat Transfer
  • Charlotte, North Carolina, USA, June 26–30, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5088-6
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME

abstract

The lifetime of the modern gas turbines greatly depends on the durability of hot section components operating at high temperatures. Film cooling is key to air cooling technologies in modern gas turbine and widely used in high-temperature and high-pressure blades as an active cooling scheme.

The requirements of accurate prediction of aerodynamic flow and heat transfer in gas turbine blades lay the essential foundation of cooling effectiveness improvement and working life estimation. In recent days, Large Eddy Simulations (LES) is considered as a useful tool to predict turbulent flows and heat transfer around gas turbine blades, but, comparing to the Reynolds-Averaged Navier–Stokes (RANS) methods, the LES method usually needs more computing resource and depends on computational power and mesh quality.

In this paper, LES/DES (Detached Eddy Simulation) predictions were compared to RANS prediction with interest in the accuracy and improvement of turbulent flow and heat transfer phenomena around NASA’s C3X high-pressure gas turbine vane with leading edge cooling film. RANS/LES/DES were detailed and further investigated to assess their ability to predict flow and heat transfer in boundary layer around C3X vane.

The current predictions showed that the mix between film cooling injections and free stream resulted in complex flow and heat transfer in the boundary layer on the external vane surface. The predictions of the aerodynamic load along the C3X vane with RANS/LES/DES were almost identical and agreed well with the experimental results. However, the heat transfer predictions with RANS/LES/DES were different. The transition prediction showed the best agreement with the experiment data in the most region. The LES prediction only partially agreed with the experimental data before separation point on the suction side and mild pressure gradient region on the pressure side. The DES and RANS predictions agreed with the experiment data after separation point on the suction side and most region on the pressure side.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME

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