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Investigation of Strip Seal Leakage With Special Focus on Seal Groove Design and Relative Displacement of Sealing Surfaces

[+] Author Affiliations
Thomas Huber, Cyrille Bricaud, Thomas Zierer

Ansaldo Energia Switzerland AG, Baden, Switzerland

Paper No. GT2017-64440, pp. V05BT15A024; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2017-64440
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2017: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 5B: Heat Transfer
  • Charlotte, North Carolina, USA, June 26–30, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5088-6
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME

abstract

Tight sealing lines are vital in large gas turbines (GT) to achieve high performance and efficiency. Leakage including rim purge air can sum up to 30% of the total cooling and leakage air consumption of a gas turbine. Leakage through static strip seals contributes about 1/3 to all leakage air. Considering the seal design as on drawings, sealing quality is generally influenced by the seal type, sealing groove curvature and the sealing groove roughness. In addition the sealing quality depends strongly on the geometric deviation of the groove compared to ideal design. This is caused by manufacturing deviations or relative movements of the grooves during operation of the parts containing the sealing.

In the article at hand, different seal designs and pertinent sealing quality is discussed. More in detail, it is discussed the geometric relation of seal, groove and misalignment to predict the seal position relative to its groove confinements. The risk of seal clamping can be judged and adaptation of seal or groove geometry can be derived. The effect of leakage increase due to misalignment is investigated by a test matrix varying seal length and curvature radius of groove as well as radial misalignment.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME

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