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Dry Gas Face Seal Design With Arbitrary Gap Shape

[+] Author Affiliations
Aleksandr S. Vinogradov, Sergey V. Falaleev, Renat B. Badykov

Samara National Research University, Samara, Russia

Paper No. GT2017-63565, pp. V05BT15A011; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2017-63565
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2017: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 5B: Heat Transfer
  • Charlotte, North Carolina, USA, June 26–30, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5088-6
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME

abstract

Active use of dry gas seals for gas turbine engines is constrained by several important factors. One of them is a significant deformation of the sealing rings. This paper is dedicated to the creation of a technique of designing of a dry gas seal with spiral grooves with a consideration of arbitrary gap shape. A large number of studies for this type of seal have been conducted. But the technique of the seal designing which combines sealing leakage calculation with the calculation of the actual rings deformation has not been implemented. This article proposes a solution for this significant problem. Indeed, the increase in temperature and pressure drop results in a deformation of the rings surfaces. For the small gap, the impact of force and thermal deformation is critical. The seal designing without consideration of the surfaces deformation can lead to significant errors, but also to the failure of the seal in operation in the worst case. An improved mathematical model for calculating the leakage is proposed. On its basis, the designing technique has been developed. This technique combines the analytical calculation and calculation of deformation by finite element method. Implementation of this technique has a good practical result. The seal was created for a gas pumping unit. Experimental results have confirmed the computational results.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME
Topics: Design , Shapes

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