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High Temperature Brush Seal Development

[+] Author Affiliations
Tracey Kirk, Aaron Bowsher, Peter Crudgington

Cross Manufacturing Co., Devizes, UK

Paper No. GT2017-63091, pp. V05BT15A003; 6 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2017: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 5B: Heat Transfer
  • Charlotte, North Carolina, USA, June 26–30, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5088-6
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME


The industry bristle material of choice for brush seals has been the cobalt-based alloy Haynes®25 (also known as L605) for over 30 years. Haynes®25 has excellent oxidation resistance and wear properties in brush seal applications up to temperature of 620°C [1148°F]. Above this temperature creep resistance becomes undesirable for brush seal bristles and has lead to alternative sealing solutions to be implemented in these turbine locations. Nickel-based alloys have been explored as an alternative for Haynes®25 but have been shown to gall badly and wear quickly in comparison.

As increases in turbine performance have resulted in an increase in operating temperatures, it has lead to a need to find a bristle material that performs at temperatures above the limitation of Haynes®25. Initial experimental data has been obtained for a new cobalt-based alloy that shows potential for use as a bristle material at temperatures above 620°C [1148°F]. Further experimental results also indicate that the material appears to have better wear characteristics than Haynes®25 and may prove to be a feasible alternative in some cases.

This paper outlines a material selection process for brush seals, along with development of the alloy for use within brush seals and details of the comparative testing carried out at Cross Manufacturing Company.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME



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