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Characterization of the Surface Curvature Effect Using LES for a Single Round Impinging Jet

[+] Author Affiliations
Pierre Aillaud, Florent Duchaine, Laurent Gicquel

CERFACS, Toulouse, France

Sheddia Didorally

SAFRAN Helicopter Engines, Bordes, France

Paper No. GT2017-64159, pp. V05AT11A011; 12 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2017: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 5A: Heat Transfer
  • Charlotte, North Carolina, USA, June 26–30, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5087-9
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME


In this paper, wall resolved Large Eddy Simulation is used to study the effect of the surface curvature for two impinging jet configurations. The reference case is a single round jet impinging on a flat plate at a Reynolds number (based on the bulk velocity Ub and the pipe diameter D) Re = 23 000 and for a nozzle to plate distance H = 2D. The results on this configuration have been previously analyzed and validated against experimental results. This paper compares for the same operating point, the flat plate impingement to an impinging jet on a concave hemispherical surface with a relative curvature d/D = 0.089 where d is the concave surface diameter. Mean and Root Mean Square (RMS) quantities are compared to highlight differences and similarities between the two cases. In addition high order statistic such as Skewness of the temporal distribution of wall heat flux is analyzed. Probability density functions (PDF) are also built to further characterize the effect of surface curvature. It is shown that the surface curvature has a destabilizing effect on the vortical structures present in such a flow leading to a modification of the wall heat transfer compared to the flat plate case. The flow topology in the concave case is dominated by a large toroidal stationary vortex. This vortex generates a natural confinement that causes the increase of the mean temperature of the ambient air around the jet. The main effect is the reduction of the capacity of the vortical structures to enhance heat transfer. Finally, the confinement effect combined with the destabilization due to the concave curvature lead to an alleviation of the secondary peak in the Nusselt distribution and a reduction of the heat transfer at the wall.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME



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