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Experimental Investigation of Combustion Dynamics in a Turbulent Syngas Combustor

[+] Author Affiliations
Nikhil Ashokbhai Baraiya, Baladandayuthapani Nagarajan, Satynarayanan R. Chakravarthy

Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Madras, India

Paper No. GT2017-64849, pp. V04BT04A051; 10 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2017: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 4B: Combustion, Fuels and Emissions
  • Charlotte, North Carolina, USA, June 26–30, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5085-5
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME


In the present work, the proportion of carbon monoxide to hydrogen is widely varied to simulate different compositions of synthesis gas and the potential of the fuel mixture to excite combustion oscillations in a laboratory-scale turbulent bluff body combustor is investigated. The effect of parameters such as the bluff body location and equivalence ratio on the self-excited acoustic oscillations of the combustor is studied. The flame oscillations are mapped by means of simultaneous high-speed CH* and OH* chemiluminescence imaging along with dynamic pressure measurement. Mode shifts are observed as the bluff body location or the air flow Reynolds number/overall equivalence ratio are varied for different fuel compositions. It is observed that the fuel mixtures that are hydrogen-rich excite high amplitude pressure oscillations as compared to other fuel composition cases. Higher H2 content in the mixture is also capable of exciting significantly higher natural acoustic modes of the combustor so long as CO is present, but not without the latter. The interchangeability factor Wobbe Index is not entirely sufficient to understand the unsteady flame response to the chemical composition.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME



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