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Predicting the Influence of Damping Devices on the Stability Margin of an Annular Combustor

[+] Author Affiliations
Max Zahn, Michael Betz, Moritz Schulze, Christoph Hirsch, Thomas Sattelmayer

Technische Universität München, Garching, Germany

Paper No. GT2017-64238, pp. V04AT04A081; 11 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2017-64238
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2017: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 4A: Combustion, Fuels and Emissions
  • Charlotte, North Carolina, USA, June 26–30, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5084-8
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME

abstract

A numerical modeling approach based on linearized Euler equations is applied to predict the linear stability of an annular combustor with and without dampers. The acoustic properties of all relevant combustor components such as damping devices, swirl burner characteristics, swirl flame dynamics, and combustor exit are individually evaluated via experimental and numerical approaches. All of the components are incorporated subsequently into the combustor model using impedances and acoustic transfer matrices to obtain an efficient procedure.

This study focuses on using this approach to predict an annular combustor’s stability margin and to assess how dampers influence the modal dynamics of the first azimuthal mode. Stability predictions are successfully validated with experimental data. Different combustor components’ contributions to the acoustic damping of the entire system is also determined based on that numerical approach. Damper application in combustors can engender uncertainties in resonance frequency in the case of hot-gas ingestion. The impact of “detuned” resonators on the predicted damping rates with respect to a deviation in the resonance frequency and the eigenfrequency of the attenuated acoustic mode is therefore evaluated. The influence of dampers on the annular combustor’s stability margin is also determined.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME

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