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Low Load Operation Range Extension by Autothermal On-Board Syngas Generation

[+] Author Affiliations
Max H. Baumgärtner, Thomas Sattelmayer

Technische Universität München, Garching, Germany

Paper No. GT2017-64013, pp. V04AT04A063; 11 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2017: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 4A: Combustion, Fuels and Emissions
  • Charlotte, North Carolina, USA, June 26–30, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5084-8
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME


The increasing amount of volatile renewable energy sources drives the necessity of flexible conventional power plants to compensate for fluctuations of the power supply. Gas turbines in a combined cycle power plant (CCPP) adjust the power output quickly but a sudden increase of CO and UHC emissions limit their turn-down ratio. To extend the turn-down ratio, part of the fuel can be processed to syngas, which exerts a higher reactivity. An autothermal on-board syngas generator in combination with two different burner concepts for natural gas and syngas mixtures are presented in this study.

A mixture of natural gas, water vapor and air reacts catalytically in an autothermal reactor test rig to form syngas. At atmospheric pressure, the fuel processor generates syngas with a hydrogen content of ∼30 vol% and a temperature of 800 K within a residence time of 200 ms.

One concept for the combustion of natural gas and syngas mixtures comprises a generic swirl stage with a central lance injector for the syngas. The second concept includes a central swirl stage with an outer ring of jets. The combustion is analyzed for both concepts by OH*-chemiluminescence, lean blow out (LBO) limit and gaseous emissions.

The central lance concept with syngas injection exhibits an LBO adiabatic flame temperature that is 150 K lower than in premixed natural gas operation. For the second concept an extension of almost 200 K with low CO emission levels can be reached. This study shows that autothermal on-board syngas generation is feasible and efficient in terms of turn-down ratio extension and CO burn-out.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME
Topics: Stress , Syngas



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