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Experimental and Numerical Analysis of FLOX®-Based Combustor for a 3kW Micro Gas Turbine Under Atmospheric Conditions

[+] Author Affiliations
Hannah Seliger, Michael Stöhr, Zhiyao Yin, Andreas Huber, Manfred Aigner

German Aerospace Center (DLR), Stuttgart, Germany

Paper No. GT2017-63317, pp. V04AT04A024; 12 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2017-63317
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2017: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 4A: Combustion, Fuels and Emissions
  • Charlotte, North Carolina, USA, June 26–30, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5084-8
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME

abstract

This paper presents an experimental and numerical study of the flow field and heat release (HRL) zone of a six-nozzle FLOX®-based combustor at atmospheric pressure. The combustor is suitable for the use in a micro gas turbine (MGT) based combined heat and power (CHP) system with an electrical power output of 3 kW. The velocity field was measured using stereoscopic particle image velocimetry (PIV). The heat release zone was visualized by OH*-chemiluminescence (OH* CL) and the flame front by OH planar laser-induced fluorescence (OH PLIF). The results are compared with CFD simulations to evaluate the quality of the applied numerical turbulence and combustion models. The simulations were performed using Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equations in combination with the k-ω-SST-turbulence model. Since the FLOX®-based combustion is dominated by chemical kinetics, a reaction mechanism with detailed chemistry, including 22 species and 104 reactions (DRM22), has been chosen. To cover the turbulence-chemistry interaction, an assumed probability density function (PDF) approach for species and temperature was used.

Except for minor discrapancies in the flow field, the results show that the applied models are suitable for the design process of the combustor. In terms of the location of the heat release zone, it is necessary to consider possible heat losses, especially at lean operating conditions with a distributed heat release zone.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME

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