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Turbulent Energy Budget in a Tip Leakage Flow: A Comparison Between RANS and LES

[+] Author Affiliations
Jean-François Monier, Jérôme Boudet, Joëlle Caro, Liang Shao

École Centrale de Lyon, Ecully, France

Paper No. GT2017-63611, pp. V02BT41A020; 10 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2017: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 2B: Turbomachinery
  • Charlotte, North Carolina, USA, June 26–30, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5079-4
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME


An academic configuration of a single airfoil and a flat casing with clearance, put in the potential core of a jet at Rec = 9.3 × 105, is studied in order to analyse the turbulence modelling. A zonal large-eddy simulation (ZLES), validated against experimental results, is considered as a reference to evaluate two steady Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) simulations. Both RANS simulations use the original Wilcox k-ω model. They differ on the constitutive relation: one uses the classical Boussinesq constitutive relation, while the other relies on the quadratic constitutive relation (QCR).

The analysis focuses on the mean velocities, the Reynolds stresses and a term-to-term decomposition of the turbulent kinetic energy budget on a plane through the clearance. RANS represents quite well the mean velocities, but under-estimates the Reynolds stresses, thus under-estimates every turbulent kinetic energy budget term. The QCR has little effect on the flow and the turbulent quantities. The method allowed a fine analysis of the physics of the turbulence.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME



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