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High-Fidelity Simulations of a Linear HPT Vane Cascade Subject to Varying Inlet Turbulence

[+] Author Affiliations
Richard Pichler, Richard D. Sandberg

University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia

Gregory Laskowski

General Electric Aviation, Lynn, MA

Vittorio Michelassi

General Electric Oil and Gas, Florence, Italy

Paper No. GT2017-63079, pp. V02AT40A001; 13 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2017-63079
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2017: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 2A: Turbomachinery
  • Charlotte, North Carolina, USA, June 26–30, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5078-7
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME

abstract

The effect of inflow turbulence intensity and turbulence length scales have been studied for a linear high-pressure turbine vane cascade at Reis = 590,000 and Mis = 0.93, using highly resolved compressible large-eddy simulations employing the WALE turbulence model. The turbulence intensity was varied between 6% and 20% while values of the turbulence length scales were prescribed between 5% and 20% of axial chord. The analysis focused on characterizing the inlet turbulence and quantifying the effect of the inlet turbulence variations on the vane boundary layers, in particular on the heat flux to the blade. The transition location on the suction side of the vane was found to be highly sensitive to both turbulence intensity and length scale, with the case with turbulence intensity 20% and 20% length scale showing by far the earliest onset of transition and much higher levels of heat flux over the entire vane. It was also found that the transition process was highly intermittent and local, with spanwise parts of the suction side surface of the vane remaining laminar all the way to the trailing edge even for high turbulence intensity cases.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME

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