0

Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Plausibility Study of Hecto Pressure Ratio Concepts in Large Civil Aero Engines

[+] Author Affiliations
Felix Klein, Stephan Staudacher

University of Stuttgart, Stuttgart, Germany

Paper No. GT2017-64214, pp. V001T01A023; 13 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2017-64214
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2017: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 1: Aircraft Engine; Fans and Blowers; Marine; Honors and Awards
  • Charlotte, North Carolina, USA, June 26–30, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5077-0
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME

abstract

Enabling high overall pressure ratios, wave rotors and piston concepts seem to be solutions surpassing gas turbine efficiency. Therefore, a comparison of a wave rotor and three piston concepts relative to a reference gas turbine is offered. The piston concepts include a Wankel, a 2-stroke reciprocating engine and a free-piston. All concepts are investigated with and without intercooling. An additional combustion chamber downstream the piston engine is investigated, too. The shaft power chosen corresponds to large civil turbofans. Relative to the reference gas turbine a maximum efficiency increase of 11.2 percent for the piston concepts and 9.8 percent for the intercooled wave rotor is demonstrated. These improvements are contrasted by a 5.8 percent increase in the intercooled reference gas turbine and a 4.2 percent increase due to improved gas turbine component efficiencies. Intercooling the higher component efficiency gas turbine leads to a 9.8 percent efficiency increase. Furthermore, the study demonstrates the high difference between intercooler and piston engine weight and a conflict between piston concept efficiency and chamber volume, highlighting the need for extreme lightweight design in any piston engine solution. Improving piston engine technology parameters is demonstrated to lead to higher efficiency, but not to a chamber volume reduction. Heat loss in the piston engines is identified as the major efficiency limiter.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME

Figures

Tables

Interactive Graphics

Video

Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In