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Deposition of Bead Arrays With Variable Diameter by Self-Focusing of Electrohydrodynamic Jets

[+] Author Affiliations
Nicolas Martinez-Prieto, Gabriela Fratta, Jian Cao, Kornel Ehmann

Northwestern University, Evanston, IL

Paper No. MSEC2017-2893, pp. V002T01A027; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/MSEC2017-2893
From:
  • ASME 2017 12th International Manufacturing Science and Engineering Conference collocated with the JSME/ASME 2017 6th International Conference on Materials and Processing
  • Volume 2: Additive Manufacturing; Materials
  • Los Angeles, California, USA, June 4–8, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: Manufacturing Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5073-2
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME

abstract

Electrohydrodynamic processes were used for direct-writing of bead arrays with controllable bead sizes. Experiments were conducted to align layers of bead-on-string structures in an effort to create three-dimensional patterns. The results show that the jet focuses on previously deposited droplets allowing for the selective deposition of material over already deposited patterns. Jet attraction to already deposited solutions on the substrate is attributed to the charge transport at the liquid ink-metal collector interface and the dielectric properties of the water/poly(ethylene oxide) solution under an electric field. The deposition process consists of 3 steps: (1) deposition of a layer of bead-on-string structures, (2) addition of extra volume to the beads by subsequent passes of the jet, and (3) evaporation of the solvent resulting in an array of beads with varying sizes. Patterns with up to 20 passes were experimentally obtained. The beads’ height was seen to be independent of the number of passes. The process reported is a simple, fast, and low-cost method for deposition of bead arrays with varying diameters.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME

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