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Efficient Process Planning Strategies for Additive Manufacturing

[+] Author Affiliations
Uppili Srinivasan Venkatesan, S. S. Pande

Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay, Maharashtra, India

Paper No. MSEC2017-2666, pp. V002T01A008; 10 pages
  • ASME 2017 12th International Manufacturing Science and Engineering Conference collocated with the JSME/ASME 2017 6th International Conference on Materials and Processing
  • Volume 2: Additive Manufacturing; Materials
  • Los Angeles, California, USA, June 4–8, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: Manufacturing Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5073-2
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME


This work reports the development of robust and efficient algorithms for optimum process planning of Additive Manufacturing (AM) processes needing support structures during fabrication. In particular, it addresses issues like part hollowing, support structure generation and optimum part orientation. Input to the system is a CAD model in STL format which is voxelized and hollowed using the 2D Hollowing strategy. A novel approach to design external as well as internal support structures for the hollowed model is developed considering the wall thickness and material properties.

Optimum orientation of the hollowed part model is computed using Genetic Algorithm (GA). The Fitness Function for optimization is the weighted average of process performance parameters like build time, part quality and material utilization. A new performance measure has been proposed to choose the weightages for performance parameters to obtain overall optimum performance.

The paper presents, in detail, the design and development of algorithms with results for typical case studies. The proposed methodology will significantly contribute to improving part quality, productivity and material utilization for AM processes.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME



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