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A New High Strain-Rate Biaxial Experiment to Validate Constitutive Models for Polymers

[+] Author Affiliations
Sean S. Teller, Eric C. Schmitt, Jörgen S. Bergström

Veryst Engineering, Needham, MA

Paper No. IMECE2016-67112, pp. V009T12A075; 14 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2016-67112
From:
  • ASME 2016 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 9: Mechanics of Solids, Structures and Fluids; NDE, Diagnosis, and Prognosis
  • Phoenix, Arizona, USA, November 11–17, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5063-3
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME

abstract

We have developed a new high strain rate experiment in biaxial tension that allows for constitutive model validation at engineering strain rates from 50/s to over 1000/s. In the experiment, a flat disk of the material is clamped at a fixed radial distance. A rail-guided impact sled with a hemispherical impact head is released from the desired height and impacts the disk at the center, potentially deforming the sample to failure. Drop height and impact mass can be varied to modify peak strain rate and impact energy, and the wide range of test conditions allow for testing to be performed on many classes of materials, including thermoplastics and elastomers. The stress and strain fields are calculated using finite element simulations with the proposed constitutive model, and the constitutive model is validated by matching the force versus displacement data of the impact head recorded during experiment to the simulation. In this paper, we discuss results from the experiment and finite element simulations of the experiment on PA (polyamide, nylon) and PEEK (polyether ether ketone). The new experiment allows for validation and refinement of constitutive models, including failure, at high strain rates and in a multiaxial stress state.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME

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