Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Variation of the Strength of Grains and Grain Boundaries Caused by the Fluctuation of Their Crystallinity

[+] Author Affiliations
Takahiro Nakanishi, Ken Suzuki, Hideo Miura

Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan

Paper No. IMECE2016-67557, pp. V009T12A042; 6 pages
  • ASME 2016 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 9: Mechanics of Solids, Structures and Fluids; NDE, Diagnosis, and Prognosis
  • Phoenix, Arizona, USA, November 11–17, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5063-3
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME


The variation of the strength of a grain and a grain boundary was measured by a micro tensile test system fabricated in an electron microscope. A micro-scale beam structure was fabricated from a single-crystalline silicon wafer and a fine nano-scale sample cut from a thin film using a focused ion beam was attached to the center of the beam by deposition of tungsten in the microscope. The other end was attached to a micro probe similarly. Finally, the micro probe was activated to pull the sample and the deformation of the sample was observed by a scanning electron microscope. The fracture strength of a bicrystal sample was measured by detecting the deflection of the beam at the breakage of the sample. The crystallinity of both a grain and a grain boundary was quantitatively evaluated by using electron back-scatter diffraction analysis from the viewpoint of the change of the order of atom arrangement in them. It was found that the strength of a grain and a grain boundary varied clearly depending on their crystallinity. In addition, there was a critical value of the crystallinity at which the fracture mode of a polycrystalline material changed from intergranular fracture to transgranular fracture.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In