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Morphology Origin of Gradually Weakened Thermal-Conductivity Enhancement for HDPE/MWCNTs Nanocomposites

[+] Author Affiliations
Xiao-Hong Yin, Can Yang, Shiju E, Xiping Li, Jianbo Cao

Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua, Zhejiang, China

Paper No. IMECE2016-65345, pp. V008T10A090; 7 pages
  • ASME 2016 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 8: Heat Transfer and Thermal Engineering
  • Phoenix, Arizona, USA, November 11–17, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5062-6
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME


In this work, high-density polyethylene/multi-walled carbon nanotubes (HDPE/MWCNTs) nanocomposites containing various filler loadings (i.e., 0.5∼16.0 wt.%) were prepared with their thermal conductivities determined using a laser-based analyzer. It was found that although the nanocomposite’s thermal conductivity increased with elevated MWCNT content, the enhancement degree lowered gradually. Rheology and microstructure characterizations were performed to reveal the morphology origin of gradually weakened thermal-conductivity enhancement. The dynamic rheology measurements showed that all nanocomposites exhibited higher storage modulus (G′), loss modulus (G″) as well as complex viscosity (η*) compared with the neat HDPE. More interestingly, the plateau of the flow regime formed at low frequency ranges with MWCNT loadings higher than 2.0 wt.% suggested the formation of the MWNCT network structures within the nanocomposites. The existence of such structures was further verified by the Cole-Cole curves obtained from the rheology testing and MWCNT distribution states from scanning electron microscope (SEM) results. The formation of MWCNT network lowered the degree of thermal-conductivity enhancement in such a way that it gave a larger possibility for MWCNTs to agglomerate, which led to phonon scattering that reduced the nanocomposite’s thermal conductivity.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME



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