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An Experimental and Numerical Study of Convective Boiling of Nanoemulsion Inside Mini-Channels Heat Exchanger

[+] Author Affiliations
Naresh Poudel, Musa Acar, Jiajun Xu

University of the District of Columbia, Washington, DC

Thanh Tran

Carderock Division of the Naval Surface Warfare Center, Bethesda, MD

Paper No. IMECE2016-65708, pp. V008T10A079; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2016-65708
From:
  • ASME 2016 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 8: Heat Transfer and Thermal Engineering
  • Phoenix, Arizona, USA, November 11–17, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5062-6
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME

abstract

In this paper, both experimental and numerical studies have been performed on the convective boiling heat transfer of the Ethanol-in-Polyalphaolefin (PAO) Nanoemulsions inside a heat exchanger of twelve 1mm diameter mini-channels that was subjected to a uniform heat flux at its outer surface. The heat transfer characteristics and the pressure drop of the Ethanol/PAO nanoemulsion was studied experimentally, meanwhile, the volume of fraction (VOF) model with Pressure-Velocity coupling based Semi Implicit Method for Pressure Linked Equations (SIMPLE) iterative algorithm is employed to simulate the same experimental conditions numeircally. The results reveal that the convective boiling heat transfer coefficient of the nanoemulsion can be greatly enhanced upon the nucleation of ethanol nanodroplets inside, in which a maximum 50% enhancement compared to pure PAO base fluid can be achieved under current test conditions. However, the thermal conductivity and viscosity of the nanoemulsions has an insignificant effect on convective boiling heat transfer coefficient based on the experimental results. The ANSYS FLUENT simulation results also agree well with the experimental data. The Ethanol-in-PAO nanoemulsion could function as a good alternative conventional working fluid in two phase heat transfer applications.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME

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