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Experimental Heat Transfer Distributions Over an Aft Loaded Vane With a Large Leading Edge at Very High Turbulence Levels

[+] Author Affiliations
Justin W. Varty, Forrest E. Ames

University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND

Paper No. IMECE2016-67029, pp. V008T10A040; 12 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2016-67029
From:
  • ASME 2016 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 8: Heat Transfer and Thermal Engineering
  • Phoenix, Arizona, USA, November 11–17, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5062-6
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME

abstract

Vane heat transfer distributions have been acquired on an aft loaded vane with a large leading edge over a range of turbulence conditions and across a range of Reynolds numbers. The large leading edge was designed to reduce heat transfer levels around the vane stagnation region and provide an opportunity to internally cool the region using a double wall cooling method. Heat transfer measurements were acquired in a linear cascade using a constant heat flux technique. The cascade was designed in a four vane, three full passage configuration with inlet bleeds flows and exit tailboards shaped along streamlines. Heat transfer measurements were acquired at exit chord Reynolds numbers of 500,000, 1,000,000, and 2,000,000 over seven turbulence conditions. The turbulence conditions included a low turbulence condition (Tu ≈ 0.7%), a small grid (M = 3.175 cm) at far and near locations (Tu ≈ 3.5% & 7.9%), a larger grid (Tu ≈ 8.0%), an aero-combustor closely coupled to the cascade and with a decay spool in between (Tu ≈ 13.5% and 9.3%) as well as with a new very high turbulence generator (Tu ≈ 17.4%). Heat transfer levels in the stagnation region are correlated in terms of approach flow Reynolds number and turbulence conditions and compared with recent large cylindrical leading edge test surface data using the TRL parameter. The surface heat transfer measurements are presented at different Reynolds numbers in terms of Stanton number based on exit conditions. These comparisons provide useful information on the level of turbulence augmentation in laminar regions of the flow as well as the onset location and length of transition. Midspan surface static pressure distributions were acquired at all the conditions and were used as a basis to determine experimental isentropic Mach number distributions. These data are reported in part but were also used to help generate the free-stream boundary condition for a boundary layer calculation. Predictive comparisons generated from boundary layer calculations (STAN7) using an algebraic turbulence model (ATM) and a well-known transition model (Mayle) are provided. At low turbulence levels the close comparisons provide confidence in the experimental technique. At higher turbulence levels the comparisons may provide a better indication of the physics of response of vane heat transfer to the external turbulence. These data are expected to help clarify the physics of vane heat transfer at very high turbulence levels.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME

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