0

Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Shellside Vacuum Condensation With a Noncondensable Gas

[+] Author Affiliations
Susan N. Ritchey

Heat Transfer Research, Inc., Navasota, TX

Paper No. IMECE2016-67417, pp. V008T10A009; 5 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2016-67417
From:
  • ASME 2016 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 8: Heat Transfer and Thermal Engineering
  • Phoenix, Arizona, USA, November 11–17, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5062-6
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME

abstract

Shell-and-tube vacuum condensers are present in many industrial applications such as chemical manufacturing, distillation, and power production [1–3]. They are often used because operating a condenser under vacuum pressures can increase the efficiency of energy conversion, which increases the overall plant efficiency and saves money. Typical operating pressures in the petrochemical industry span a wide range of values, from one atmosphere (101.3 kPa) down to a medium vacuum (1 kPa). The current shellside condensation methods used to predict heat transfer coefficients are based on data collected near or above atmospheric pressure, and the available literature on shellside vacuum condensation generally lacks experimental data. The accuracy of these methods in vacuum conditions well below atmospheric pressure has yet to be validated.

Recently, HTRI designed and constructed the Low Pressure Condensation Unit (LPCU) with a rectangular shellside test condenser. To date, heat transfer data have been collected in the LPCU for shellside condensation of a pure hydrocarbon and of a hydrocarbon with noncondensable gas at vacuum pressures ranging from 2.8 to 45 kPa (21 to 338 Torr). Traditional condensation literature methods underpredict the overall heat transfer coefficient by 20.8% ± 20.4% for the pure condensing fluid; whereas they overpredict heat transfer by 36.8% ± 40.0% with the addition of the noncondensable gas.

Over or under predicting the overall heat transfer coefficient in the presence of noncondensable gases leads to inefficient condenser designs and the inability to achieve desired process conditions. With the addition of the noncondensable gas, the measured heat exchanger duty was significantly reduced compared to the pure fluid, even at inlet mole fractions below 5%. In one case, a noncondensable inlet mole fraction of 0.63% was estimated to reduce the duty by approximately 10%.

Analysis of the acquired high-speed videos shows that the film thickness changes significantly from the top row to the bottom. The videos also display condensate drainage patterns and droplet interactions. The ripples and splashing of the condensate observed in the videos indicates that the Nusselt idealized model is not appropriate for analysis of a real condenser. This article presents the collected heat transfer data and high-speed images of shellside vacuum condensation flow patterns.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME
Topics: Condensation , Vacuum

Figures

Tables

Interactive Graphics

Video

Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In