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The Impact of the Interaction Between Impeller and Spiral Casing on the Performance of Radial Fans

[+] Author Affiliations
Philipp Epple, Manuel Fritsche

Coburg University of Applied Sciences, Coburg, Germany

Hans Rußwurm

Rußwurm Ventilatoren GmbH, Meitingen-Ostendorf, Germany

Paper No. IMECE2016-66072, pp. V007T09A067; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2016-66072
From:
  • ASME 2016 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 7: Fluids Engineering
  • Phoenix, Arizona, USA, November 11–17, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5061-9
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME

abstract

In thermal recycling plants high performance fans are needed to transport gas through the process. For this application, the fans have to fulfill very special requirements. The pyrolysis and gasification processes transform different kinds of waste, e. g. biomass and municipal scrap waste, electronic or industrial waste, into highly clean efficient synthetic gas, i.e. usable energy. Therefore, the thermal operating range of these fans lies between ambient temperatures of about 20°C and 530°C. Due to the requirements and design space of the recycling facility, new radial fans were developed according to these particular specifications.

Two different impellers were designed with an extended analytical method, as described in Epple et al. [1] and [2]. The first one was designed with a parallel flat shroud and the second one with a conical shroud. In order to fulfill the manufacturer requirements of ease of manufacturing, the impellers were designed with circular arc blades. With these two impellers and at a temperature of 530 °C, as it is needed in the recycling plants, a first Bommes spiral casing was optimized adjusting the spiral casing opening angle and the Bommes parameter, i.e. the ratio of the spiral casing width to the impeller exit width, BSC/b2 (Epple et al. [3]). The results show that the predictions of Bommes work well with impellers with conical shrouds, but for impellers with parallel shrouds the Bommes prediction does not work properly.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME
Topics: Impellers , Fans

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