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Influencing Factors and Scaling Law of Bubble Detachment at a Submerged Orifice

[+] Author Affiliations
Yiwei Wang, Chenguang Huang, Xiaocui Wu

Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China

Paper No. IMECE2016-67509, pp. V007T09A043; 7 pages
  • ASME 2016 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 7: Fluids Engineering
  • Phoenix, Arizona, USA, November 11–17, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5061-9
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME


Bubble formation and detachment are important in the drag reduction of underwater vehicle by using gas injection, which are involved in the integrated scaling law considering bubbles coalescence. The parameters of influencing factors are theoretically derived by dimensionless analysis on this issue. Then the effects are shown by analyzing results with various parameters. Results indicate that, the viscous force can be neglected near the default condition, and the bubble is difficult to detach if the viscosity is very large. Surface tension is the major constraint force in the default condition, which is also sensitive. The bubble easily crushes if the surface tension is small, while the neck of bubble can hardly break up if the surface tension is large. For the contact angle, the bubble profile significantly exceeds the orifice boundary if the wall surface is hydrophobic, which makes detachment period becomes larger.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME



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