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Effects of the Shape of a Nozzle With Chevrons on the Dynamics of Turbulent Impinging Jet

[+] Author Affiliations
Sadek Horra, Zoubir Nemouchi

Université des Fréres Mentouri, Constantine, Algeria

Lyes Khezzar

The Petroleum Institute, Abu Dhabi, UAE

Paper No. IMECE2016-68125, pp. V007T09A040; 11 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2016-68125
From:
  • ASME 2016 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 7: Fluids Engineering
  • Phoenix, Arizona, USA, November 11–17, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5061-9
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME

abstract

This work is a numerical study of a turbulent impinging jet issuing from a nozzle with chevrons. The Reynolds number based on the jet exit velocity and nozzle diameter is equal to 5000 corresponding to a low Mach number of 0.0057 at the nozzle exit. The main objectives of the investigation, inspired by the work of Violato et al. (Int. J. of Heat and Fluid Flow, 37, 2012), are to highlight, from a fundamental point of view, the effects of the nozzle shape and the nozzle-to-plate distance on the mean parameters characterizing the dynamics of the flow in question. The nozzle configurations considered are a circular nozzle without chevrons and nozzles provided with 4 and 6 chevrons. The nozzle-to-plate distance ranges from 2 to 6 nozzle diameters. All the other flow conditions and geometrical parameters used in the different cases treated are identical. Interesting features of the flow are revealed by the obtained results of averaged three-dimensional fields of velocity and turbulent kinetic energy, particularly close to the wall. An attempt is made to bring additional insight into the phenomena in the free jet, the impingement region and the wall jet when using 4, 6 and no chevrons, for different nozzle-to-plate distances.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME

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