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The Numerical Simulation of Turbulent Flow in Semi-Closed Rotor-Stator Cavity

[+] Author Affiliations
Guohu Luo, Shengde Wang, Hong Shen, Zhenqiang Yao

Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China

Paper No. IMECE2016-66656, pp. V007T09A035; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2016-66656
From:
  • ASME 2016 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 7: Fluids Engineering
  • Phoenix, Arizona, USA, November 11–17, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5061-9
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME

abstract

The present work numerically considered the turbulent flow in a semi-closed rotor-stator cavity with a superimposed throughflow based on Reynolds Stress Model (RSM). The mean flow structure and turbulent field in the semi-closed cavity (SC) were identified by comparison with the flow in open cavity (OC) and closed cavity (CC). Then the effects of rotation Reynolds number, ranging from 1 × 106 to 4 × 106, on the flow in SC were investigated. The superimposed flow noticeably decreases the tangential velocity, resulting that the pressure difference between central hub and periphery in SC is greater than the OC but less than the CC. The flow in SC belongs to Stewartson type in the region between inlet and outlet, but to Bachelor type between outlet and periphery. Around the outlets, the flow is greatly affected, especially for turbulent field, where the turbulence intensities maintain at higher levels outside the two boundary layers. With the increase of Reynolds number, the tangential velocity goes up, resulted the attenuation of jet impinging effects, the shrinking of affected zones by outlets and the enlargement of pressure difference. Moreover, with the Bödewadt layer moving toward the central hub, the turbulence intensities increase inside two boundary layers but decrease outside them. Consequently, the flow is transited to Stewartson and then Batchelor type.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME

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