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Analytical Model for the Deformation of Viscoelastic Non-Newtonian Drops Undergoing Secondary Atomization

[+] Author Affiliations
Sharon E. Snyder, Varun Kulkarni, Paul E. Sojka

Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN

Paper No. IMECE2016-67579, pp. V007T09A015; 8 pages
  • ASME 2016 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 7: Fluids Engineering
  • Phoenix, Arizona, USA, November 11–17, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5061-9
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME


While there is no single analytical model that accurately predicts all stages and modes of secondary atomization, many groups have developed models that predict deformation and oscillation of a single, isolated drop. The TAB (Taylor Analogy Breakup) model was chosen for this investigation, mainly due to its widespread use by Liu and Reitz [1], Hwang et al. [2], Tanner [3], and Lee and Reitz [4], among others. Since the TAB model is also the foundation for many other analytical models, it will also be used here as a starting point for the development of a viscoelastic non-Newtonian model to predict droplet deformed radii, droplet deformation time, and velocity at deformation time for viscoelastic xanthan gum - DI water solutions.

Three additional improvements are made to this viscoelastic TAB model: the first is a change to a TAB coefficient; the second to the equation for the drag coefficient, and the third modification is to the breakup criterion. This model uses Carreau rheology and Zimm relaxation time. Non-dimensional drop diameter and initiation times are plotted against We; model results are compared to experimental results for a range of xanthan gum solution concentrations. Results show fair agreement between experimental results and model results for non-dimensional drop diameter, with the best match at low XG concentration and low-to-medium We (10–30). It was also noted that increased viscoelasticity seems to increase this drop diameter. Good agreement between experimental data and model results has been seen for initiation time, with increased viscoelasticity increasing this parameter as well.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME
Topics: Deformation



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